Sports have a documented history that dates back at least 3000 years. Sports were often used to prepare for war, or train as hunters. This explains why early games included the throwing of spears and stakes and rock sparring with one another.
The Ancient Greeks introduced formal sports in the world with the introduction of the Olympic Games, which included events like foot and chariot racing, wrestling, jumping and discus throwing. This is a list that shows the evolution and origins of many of today's most beloved sporting pastimes.
Games with bats & balls: Softball, Cricket, and Baseball
CricketIn the latter half of 16th century, cricket was discovered in South-East England. It was the most popular sport in England by the end of the 16th century. The game has also gained popularity worldwide in the 20th and 21st centuries. Around 1853, the prototype of modern cricket bat was created. It featured a willow blade with a cane handle that was layered with rubber strips and then tied with twine to create a grip. The longest ever recorded game of cricket lasted nine days and was played in 1939.
The baseball field we know today was created by Alexander Cartwright (1820-1892), New York. Cartwright and his New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club members created the first rules and regulations that have become the accepted standard in the game of baseball.
Other sports details:
George Hancock, a Chicago Board of Trade reporter, created softball in 1887. It was the first form of indoor baseball to be played inside the Farragut Boat Club on a cold winter's day.
In 1892, the first rules of basketball were established. In the beginning, players used a soccer ball to dribble up and down a court with unspecified dimensions. You could earn points by landing the ball on a peach basket. In 1893, iron hoops and a hammock-style basket was introduced. Open-ended nets were introduced ten years later. This brought an end to the tedious task of manually retrieving the ball out of the basket every time a goal was scored. Converse All Stars were the first shoe specifically made for basketball. They were introduced in 1917 by Chuck Taylor, who was a pioneer in brand ambassadorship in the 1920s.
Rugby and American Football
Rugby:Over 2000 years ago, the origins of rugby can been traced back to a Roman game calledHarpastum(Greek for "seize") This game was different from soccer where the ball was moved by the feet. In this game the ball could also be carried in the hands. In 1749, the game was first played at a school in Rugby, Warwickshire, England. The school boasted all the facilities necessary for young gentlemen to exercise. The game's eight-acre site was called "The Close." The eight-acre plot on which rugby was developed was known as "The Close" between 1749-1823. Rugby had no rules, and the ball was kicked instead of carried forward. Five days of games could be played and there were often 200 participants. William Webb Ellis, a player from 1823 was the first one to grab the ball and run with the ball. This was the start of modern-day soccer.
Football American footballHe is a descendant from soccer and rugby. Princeton and Rutgers played what was at the time called "the first college football".The game was first played on November 6, 1869. It didn't become popular until 1879 when Walter Camp, a Yale University player/coach, created rules. AAA player William (Pudge) Heffelfinger received $500 to play in the Allegheny Athletic Association's football game against the Pittsburgh Athletic Club. This marked him as the first professional football player.
The game of Golf derives its name from a game that was invented in the Kingdom Of Fife, an area of Scotland's eastern coast, in the 15th century. Although there were other similar games around Europe that required you to swatt a rock with your stick along a predetermined course of land, the game we know today was invented in Scotland.
The popularity of soccer and golf suffered a setback in the middle of the 15th century. The rising popularity of golf and soccer was blamed for the decline in the pursuits of archery and swordsmanship as Scotland prepared to defend its borders from English invasion. In 1457, Scotland officially outlawed soccer and golf. With the signing of The Treaty of Glasgow, the prohibition was lifted in 1502.
In the 16th century King Charles I made golf popular in England. Mary Queen of Scots was French and introduced the game to her home country. It is possible that the term "caddie", which refers to Mary's French cadets, derives its name from the French name for the cadets she attended when she played.
In 1552, the first mention of golf on Scotland's most well-known golf course, St Andrews was made. In 1552, the clergy granted public access to the links.
Near Edinburgh, the Leith golf course was the first to publish rules. In 1682, it hosted the first international match in golf, where a team consisting of George Patterson and the Duke of York played for Scotland.
The St Andrews Society of Golfers was founded in 1754. The rules of Leith were the basis for its annual competition.
In 1759, stroke play was first introduced.
In 1764, the first 18-hole course (now known as standard) was built.
St Andrews founded the first woman's golf club anywhere in the world in 1895.