Diet control for diabetics
Diet control for diabetics
Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar is higher than normal. Caused by low insulin or the body does not respond to insulin making it impossible to use sugar as usual frequent urination, frequent thirst and weight loss long-term effects can lead to diabetes mellitus, diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and others.

People with diabetes need to learn to adjust their diet accordingly as the following recommendations Indian diet charts for diabetic patients can be easily divided into 3 types:

Type 1

Prohibited food

These include sugar and sweets such as Tongyib, Thong Yod, Foi Thong, Custard, Lod Chong, confectionery, cake, chocolate, ice cream and other desserts.

Drinks that are forbidden to eat

Soft drinks, green water, red water, oliang, energy drinks, sweetened condensed milk, mineral water, fruit juices, which contain mostly 8-15% sugar, except tomato juice. Contains about 1% sugar, should drink plain water. Or tea without sugar. If you drink coffee, drink black coffee without sugar, sweetened condensed milk or creamer. (Contains 58% glucose, 33% palm oil), preferably with skim milk. For most curds, it is not skim milk. And contains about 15% of sugar for the most part, while soy milk contains about 5-6% less sugar. If soft drinks, drink soft drinks with artificial sugar, such as Pepsi Max, Coke Zero, Coke Light, etc.

Artificial Sugar There are 3 types of artificial sugars available today:

1.  Aspartame is available in tablet and sachet form. Aspartame is a nutrient that is amino acid (amino acid) is low in nutrients. In 1 tablet contains 2 kilocalories, in 1 sachet contains 4 kilocalories, so it can be eaten but not too much which is a mixture of soft drinks without sugar For the warning next to artificial sugar boxes and cans of soft drinks that it is contraindicated in patients with phenylketone urea (phenylketonuria) This disease is rare in India and if this disease is diagnosed as a child

2. Saccharin (saccharin) or saccharin, trade name Sweet and low (no nutrients) It has been studied to cause bladder cancer in rats. But very high quantity is required. In humans, there is no evidence that it can cause cancer.

3. Fructose Sugar or sorbitol it is a sugar that is found in diabetic chocolate, diabetic jam, etc., or is sold as a powder in cans. This type of sugar is the sugar from fruits and contains the same nutrients as sugar. This type of artificial sugar should not be eaten because it may be mistaken for the lack of nutrients and most diabetic patients already eat fruit.

4. Acesulfame K is an ingredient in soft drinks without sugar.

Type 2

Food that can eat unlimited amount

These include all kinds of green leafy vegetables such as lettuce, kale, long beans, morning glory, bean sprouts, for example, soup, salad, salad, stir-fried vegetables, etc. These foods are low in nutrients. It also contains dietary fiber called fiber, which slows down the absorption of sugar.

Type 3

Food that can be eaten but must choose the type or limited number

Including starchy foods (carbohydrates). Currently, starchy foods are not limited in amount if the patient is not very obese due to the reduction of starchy foods causing the need to add foods such as fat This may result in high fat levels. And adding meat causes kidney function to lose faster in patients with kidney disease as well. The number of fruits must be limited. It should be taken with one meal at a time.