A laparoscopy is a surgical instrument that has a light source and a camera at the end, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor
Laparoscopic surgery, also called diagnostic laparoscopy, is a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure that involves multiple small incisions. This diagnostic and surgical procedure is used for the examination of the abdominal organs.
The name of the surgery is derived from the instrument used to perform the procedure: a laparoscope. This medical instrument has a small video camera with a light. The surgeon makes small cuts and inserts the laparoscope into the body. The surgeon can look at the screen to get an idea of what is wrong.
If a laparoscope is not used, the surgeon would have to make a significantly larger cut to examine the internal organs. Since there are minimal cuts involved, it is always preferable to opt for open surgeries. Initially, laparoscopic surgeries were used for gynaecology operations and gallbladder surgery. Since then, the procedure has been used for surgeries involving the liver, intestines, and other organs.