Explain about Java JVM and its architecture
Explain about Java JVM and its architecture
Java Virtual Machine (Java JVM) is an engine that provides the Java Code or Applications runtime environment. It translates Java bytecode to the language of computers. Java JVM is a Java Run Environment (JRE) component.

Explain about Java JVM and its architecture

The Java Virtual Machine (Java JVM) is an engine that provides the Java Code or Applications runtime environment. It translates Java bytecode to the language of computers. Java JVM is a Java Run Environment (JRE) component. The compiler manufactures computer code for a specific device in other programming languages. However, for a virtual machine such as the Java Virtual Machine, the Java compiler generates code.

Here's how the Java JVM performs.

Next, the bytecode complies with the Java code. 

Bytecode is an intermediate language between the host system and the Java online training source.

The Java JVM is in charge of allocating memory space.

How does the Java Virtual Machine function?

This issue can be resolved by using the Java Virtual Machine. However, how it operates on various processors and O.S. Step by step, let's understand this process.

Forum for Java

Step 1)

System.out.println(1+2) is the code to show the addition of two numbers and is saved as a .java file.

Step 2) 

The code is translated to an intermediate code called bytecode using the Java compiler. The output is a file called .class.

Step 3) 

No platform understands this code, but just a virtual platform called the Java Virtual Machine.

Step 4) 

In the RAM of your operating system, this Virtual Machine lives. When this bytecode is fed to the Virtual Machine, it defines the platform on which it operates and transforms the bytecode into the code of the native machine.

In reality, while working on your PC or browsing the web whenever you see one of these icons be assured the java online course virtual machine is loaded into your RAM. 

Architecture Java JVM

Let's just understand the Java JVM architecture. It includes a class loader, memory field, engine execution, etc.

Java Virtual Machine(Java JVM) & Architecture Running

1) ClassLoader programme

It performs three significant functions, i.e. Boxing, Initialization, and Connecting.

2) Field of Process

The Java JVM Method Area stores class structures such as metadata, the pool of constant runtime, and the method code.

3) Heap for Heap

In the heap, all objects, their associated example variables, and arrays are stored. This memory is popular across several threads and is shared.

4) Language stacks for Java JVM

Local variables are stored in Java language stacks, and they are partial effects. Each thread has its own Java JVM stack, created as the thread is created simultaneously. Whenever a method is invoked, a new frame is generated and it is removed when the process of method invocation is completed.

5) Registers for PCs

The PC register stores the Java virtual machine instruction address that is currently being executed. Each thread in Java has its separate PC register.

6) Native Stacks of Methods

Native method stacks retain native code instructions that rely on the native library. 

7) Engine of execution

It is a kind of program that is used for hardware, software, or full systems testing. The test execution engine never holds any data on the product being tested.

8) Interface with Native Process

The Native Method Interface is a system for programming. It allows libraries and native applications to call the Java code that runs on a Java JVM.

9) Repositories of Native Methods

Native Library is a collection of the Execution Engine's required Native Libraries(C, C++).

Compilation & Execution process of Software Code

You need the following to write and execute a software program

  1. Editor

A notepad could be used for this to type your program in.

  1. Compiler

To turn your native machine code program into a native language program

  1. Linker

Together in your main program to merge various reference program files.

  1. Loader

To load files for execution from your secondary storage unit, such as Hard Disk, Flash Drive, CD, into RAM. When you execute your code, the loading is automatically completed.

  1. Execution

The actual execution of the code that your OS & processor manages.

In this sense, refer to the following video and learn about the Java Virtual Machine's operation and architecture.

C code 

The method of compilation and execution

To grasp the method of Java course compiling in Java. Let's take a quick look at the compilation and linking method in C first.

In the centre, suppose you called two of the functions f1 and f2. In file a1.c, the key function is stored.

  • The f1 function is stored in the a2.c file

  • The f2 function is stored in the a3.c file

These files are all fed to the compiler, i.e. a1.c, a2.c, and a3.c. The output of which is the corresponding files of objects that are the machine code.

The next move is to merge all these object files with the aid of a linker into a single .exe file. The linker clubs all of these files together and creates the .exe file.

A.exe will be loaded into the RAM for execution during program execution.

Compilation and Execution of Java code in Java VM.

For Java, let's look at the method. You have two f1 and f2 approaches in your key one.

The primary method is stored in the file

The f1 in a file is stored as

The f2 in the file is stored as

The compiler compiles the three files and generates 3 of the corresponding .class files consisting of BYTE code. No linking is performed, unlike C.

RAM resides on the Java VM or Java Virtual Machine. During execution, the class files are carried to the RAM using the class loader. For any security violations, the BYTE code is checked.

First, the bytecode will be translated into native machine code by the execution engine. This is just a compilation of time. This is one of the primary reasons why Java is relatively sluggish.


The Java Virtual Machine (Java JVM) portion is a JIT or Just-in-Time compiler. It interprets part of the Byte Code that at the same time has similar features.

Why is Java both Translated and Language Compiled?

Languages for programming are known as the following.

  • Language at Higher Level Ex. C++ and Java

  • Languages of the Middle Stage Ex. C

  • Low-Level Assembly Language Ex

  • Finally, the lowest level is the language of the computer.

A compiler is a program that translates a program from one language level to another language level. Examples of C++ program translation into machine code.

The java compiler translates high-level java code (which is also a machine code type) to bytecode.

An interpreter is a program that at the same level translates a program to another programming language at one level. Examples of Java program conversion into C++

In Java training, the generator of Just in Time Code converts the bytecode to native machine code at the same stage of programming.

Therefore, both compiled and interpreted languages are Java.

Why is Java slow?

The two primary reasons behind Java's slowness are as follows.

Dynamic Linking: 

Unlike C, every time the program is run in Java, linking is done at run-time.

Run-time Interpreter: 

The byte code translation into native machine code is performed in Java at run-time, which slows down the speed.

The new version of Java, however, has resolved the bottlenecks in performance to a great extent.


I hope you understood about Java virtual machine and its functioning. You can learn in detail about Java JVM in Core Java online training.