Our daily lives are largely influenced by smartphone apps. They can be used to network, gather knowledge, or simply have fun! And while developing a mobile application is enjoyable as well, it necessitates a bit more assistance, particularly in terms of picking the appropriate programming language. This blog discusses the top programming languages needed for creating Android apps.
What language to choose?
There are numerous different languages that can be utilized for Android app development, even though Kotlin is the platform's official language. To assist you in making an informed choice, more information about these is provided below.
Initially, Java served as the official language for developing Android apps (Kotlin has since taken its place), and as a result, it is also the most popular language. Java is the most supported language and is used in many of the apps in the Play Store. Along with all of this, Java has a fantastic online community for support in case of any issues.
However, because it contains advanced concepts like constructors, null pointer exceptions, concurrency, checked exceptions, etc., Java is a challenging language for a newcomer to utilize. Additionally, the complexity is raised to a new level by the Android Software Development Kit (SDK).
The current official language for Android app development is Kotlin. Java can be substituted for Kotlin, a cross-platform programming language, while creating Android apps.
The only significant difference is because Kotlin does away with some of Java's unnecessary features, such null pointer exceptions. Additionally, it eliminates the need for a semicolon at the end of each line. Kotlin can be used as a "entry point" for developing Android apps and is, in general, more easier for beginners to learn than Java.
Using the Android Native Development Kit, C++ may be utilised to create Android apps (NDK). The NDK is used to implement portions of the app in C++ native code because an app cannot be entirely written in C++. This makes it easier to use the app's C++ code libraries as needed.
While C++ is often beneficial for developing Android apps, it is significantly less versatile and much more complicated to set up. Due to the complexity increase, there can also be additional bugs. Therefore, Java is preferable than C++ since the latter does not yield enough benefit to justify the effort required.
Because C# and Java are so similar, it is perfect for creating Android apps. Garbage collection is implemented in C# as it is in Java to reduce the likelihood of memory leaks. Additionally, C#'s is clearer and simpler than Java's, which makes developing with it relatively easy.
Even though Android doesn't enable native Python programming, Python can be used to create Android apps. The Python apps can be transformed into Android Packages that can be executed on Android devices using a variety of methods.
An open-source Python library that is used to create mobile apps is an example of this. It promotes quick app creation and supports Android.
Today, dismissing Dart as a programming language would be equivalent to ignoring the elephant in the room (because the elephant is java). The Flutter framework, which is now quite popular because it can quickly produce stunning and high-performing apps for the web, desktop, and mobile, is powered by the open-source programming language Dart.
Dart's main selling point is that it is intended to be a client-optimized language for quick programmes on any platform. With capabilities like hot-reload, which enables developers to see changes instantaneously while working on the app, Dart primarily focuses on making UI creation for developers easier. Dart is renowned for its quick performance as well.
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