Property Valuation FAQs Answered
Property Valuation FAQs Answered
Property Valuation FAQs Answered


Property valuation is the process of determining the market value of a property. It is used to determine the price of a house, land, or commercial building when buying or selling.


There are three ways that you can 

How do I evaluate the value of my property?


determine the value of your property:

  • The cost approach will help you find out how much it costs to build or renovate the property.

  • The market approach is based on how much similar properties are selling for in the area.

  • The income approach uses rental income and expenses to come up with a value figure.


How do I find the value of my house in South Africa?


There are several ways to determine the value of your house:


  • Contact a real estate agent who offers “property valuation services.” This will cost you a fee, but it’s probably the easiest and most reliable way to go.

  • Look online for free “home valuation” calculators. There are many websites that allow you to enter some basic information about your property and then spit out an estimated value. Not all these websites are accurate (and they all use different methodologies), but they can be useful when combined with other data points (like sales prices).

  • Use the cost approach. To use this method, calculate how much it would cost today to build your home from scratch using current building materials and labor costs—this gives you an idea of its replacement value rather than its market value, which takes into account surrounding properties.


Which method of property valuation is best and why?

There are many methods of property valuation, but the most common are the cost approach, market approach, income approach, and discount cash flow. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages.


Cost Approach: The cost approach is used to determine the value of an item that has been depreciated over time (i.e., an old car). It takes into account what it would have cost to make a new copy of that item today. However, this method does not take into account any changes in the quality or condition of that item since it was originally built or produced. This method can be used for both tangible and intangible items (e.g., patents).


Market Approach: The market approach looks at similar properties sold within a given area during a specific time period (usually 12 months) for comparison purposes with your property’s selling price. However, this method tends to undervalue smaller properties because they don’t attract as much attention from potential buyers as larger ones do.


What does a valuer look for when valuing a house?


When figuring out how much your home is worth, a real estate valuer will look at the following:

  • Location: The location of your property is one of the most important factors in determining its value. Valuers will take into account not only how close it is to major facilities like shops and schools, but also whether there are improvements (like parks) nearby that add value to properties.

  • Condition: The condition of a house can have an impact on its value as well as whether or not it’s likely to attract buyers. For example, if there’s disrepair or damage on your property that needs fixing before you sell it, this could affect how much someone might be willing to pay for it (so make sure you repair things before putting your home up for sale).

  • Size: The size of a house will influence how much someone might pay for it—the bigger it is, the more expensive it tends to be! This means if you’re trying to decide between two similar properties but one has better access than the other, then bear this factor in mind when deciding which one suits your needs best. “

How do you calculate market value?


To calculate the market value, you have to do the following:

  • Calculate the capital value and profit of your property. The formula for calculating market value is:

  • Capital value is the amount that a property would sell for in an open market if it were being sold by a willing seller who was not under any pressure to sell quickly or at a discount price.

  • Profit = the amount that a property would sell for minus the cost of selling (real estate commission).


Is property valuation free?


You can get a free property valuation online. A professional valuer will figure out how much your property is worth and give you a good estimate.


The South African Revenue Service (SARS) requires that any person wishing to purchase residential land or buildings in South Africa must first obtain written permission from SARS before committing themselves financially to this transaction by paying transfer duty taxes.


This is why you should hire a qualified valuer who can tell you if your planned purchase qualifies for tax exemption under section 10(2)(b).


Do banks do property valuations?


Banks do not perform property valuations. However, you might be prompted to provide your property valuation when applying for a loan. Banks will use an independent valuer to value the property in question and use this valuation as part of their decision on whether or not to lend you money on your investment. The more equity you have in a property (i.e., if it’s yours outright), the less likely it is that a bank will ask for another valuation from an independent party.

What are the different types of property valuations?


There are three primary methods of property valuation: the cost approach, the income approach, and the market approach.

  • Cost Approach

The cost approach is based on what it would cost to replace the property today (i.e., replacement cost). It uses a series of factors such as age, physical condition, construction materials, and labor rates to determine this value. The most common uses for this method are insurance claims and estate tax purposes.

  • Income Approach

The income approach measures the annual net operating income generated by an investment property before taking into account depreciation or other items that may lower its value relative to its potential revenue stream. For example, if you were looking at an apartment building whose revenues were $1 million per year but whose expenses totaled $800k annually, then using an 8 percent capitalization rate would indicate a value of $8 million ($1M/$0.08), since $800k/$0.08 = 10 apartments worth approximately $80k each (or 1M/10). This method is often used by real estate investors who purchase properties with high rental yields in order to make money via rents rather than appreciation of the underlying asset itself. However, there may be instances where property developers choose to build not only because they believe it will eventually appreciate over time but also because they think maintenance costs will decrease over time so that even though there might not be as much initial profit margin left after paying taxes etc., there will still be some amount left over at least until those expenses start increasing again due to inflationary pressures causing rising interest rates (which can happen sometimes even though we tend not to think about it too much).


What determines the value of a house?


  • Location

  • Size

  • Condition

  • Age

  • Facilities (amenities, parking, etc.) and view (if applicable)

  • Access to services (transport links)


How do you know which valuation method to use?


The cost approach is the most commonly used method of property valuation and provides an estimate that is considered to be the most accurate. It has been around for a long time, so it has been proven to work, which means that there is little or no risk in using this method.


The cost approach involves determining the replacement cost of your home by adding up all the costs it would take to build a new house with similar features as yours. This includes construction materials and labor. You should also think about any utility extensions that might be needed if they aren’t already there. For example, if your home doesn’t have central heating and you want to install it, you should think about this.


The second type of valuation method is called the “income approach.” It’s used when someone wants their property sold based on its income potential rather than its market value at current prices (or when they don’t know what those prices are). This type aims at finding out how much revenue could be generated over time by renting out real estate properties such as houses or apartments owned by an individual investor or developer such as yourself.*


Takeaway: The cost approach is the most commonly used method of property valuation and provides an estimate that is considered to be the most accurate.


When it comes to valuation, you should be well-versed in the most common methods of property valuation. The cost approach is the most commonly used method of property valuation and provides an estimate that is considered to be the most accurate.


The cost approach is the most commonly used method of property valuation and provides an estimate that is considered to be the most accurate.


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