Synthetic spider silk is a highly adaptable material with a high tensile strength that can be utilised in textiles, coatings, and cosmetics. Wear-resistant lightweight clothing, bullet-proof clothing, ropes, seat belts, parachutes, biodegradable bottles, bandages, nets, rust-free panels on motor vehicles or boats, surgical thread artificial tendons or ligaments, and supports for weak blood vessels are all examples of synthetic spider silk uses. Spider silk has a remarkable mix of extensibility (breaking strain) and high strength (breaking stress), resulting in exceptional toughness. The materials are also quite flexible.
Its mechanical qualities and biocompatibility are unrivalled by any other natural or manmade material. Spider silk is high in glycine and alanine, and the alanine-containing protein molecules are neatly organised and crystalline, making it highly strong. The qualities of Synthetic spider silk make it flexible and robust enough to be employed in surgical sutures, artificial ligaments, and cell scaffolds for tissue repair. Because these fibres are waterproof and have tensile strength comparable to steel, they are widely employed in military, textiles, and health care for a wide range of applications.
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