What are Shares and Types of Shares?
What are Shares and Types of Shares?
In the once many months, the share request has made captions every morning. Investing in shares has surfaced as the most popular way of generating long term wealth and fulfilling your fiscal pretensions.

What are Shares and Types of Shares?

In the once many months, the share request has made captions every morning. Investing in shares has surfaced as the most popular way of generating long term wealth and fulfilling your fiscal pretensions. In fact, FY21 witnessed a whopping increase of 142 lac retail investors in India itself. moment, stocks or equities regard for12.9 of the total investments in India. As an investor, one needs to understand the basics of what the share request comprises and how it works. Check out shares below 100 rupees

What Is the Meaning Of Share?

A share represents a unit of equity power in a company. Shareholders are entitled to any gains that the company may earn in the form of tips. They're also the liaisons of any losses that the company may face. In simple words, if you're a shareholder of a company, you hold a chance of power of the issuing company in proportion to the shares you have bought. 

Shares can be farther distributed into two types. These are

Equity shares

Preference shares

They vary grounded on their profitability, advancing rights and treatment in the event of liquidation.

Equity Shares Meaning

These are also known as ordinary shares and comprise the bulk of the shares being issued by a particular company. Equity shares are transmittable and are traded laboriously by investors in stock requests. As an equity shareholder, you aren't only entitled to voting rights on company issues but also have the right to admit tips.

These tips, still, aren't fixed. Equity shareholders also partake in any losses faced by the company, limited to the quantum they had invested. Equity shares can be further divided grounded on

Share capital



Bracket Of Equity Shares grounded on Share Capital

Then's a look at the bracket of equity shares grounded on share capital

Authorised Share Capital Every company, in its Memorandum of Associations, requires to define the maximum quantum of capital that can be raised by issuing equity shares. The limit, still, can be increased by paying fresh freights and after the completion of certain legal procedures.

Issued Share Capital This implies the specified portion of the company’s capital, which has been offered to investors through the allocation of equity shares. For illustration, if the nominal value of one stock is Rs 200 and the company issues,000 equity shares, the issued share capital will be Rs 40 lakh.

Subscribed Share Capital The portion of the issued capital, which has been subscribed by investors is known as subscribed share capital.

Paid- Up Capital The quantum of plutocrat paid by investors for holding the company’s stocks is known as paid- up capital. As investors pay the entire quantum at formerly, subscribed and paid- up capital relate to the same quantum.

Bracket Of Equity Shares grounded on description

Then's a look at the equity share bracket grounded on the description

perk Shares perk share description implies those fresh stocks which are issued to being shareholders free- of- cost, or as a perk.

Rights Shares Right shares meaning is that a company can give new shares to its being shareholders- at a particular price and within a specific period- before being offered for trading in stock requests.

Sweat Equity Shares If as an hand of the company, you have made a significant donation, the company can award you by issuing sweat equity shares.

Voting AndNon-Voting Shares Although the maturity of shares carry advancing rights, the company can make an exception and issue discriminational or zero voting rights to shareholders.

Bracket Of Equity Shares grounded on Returns

Grounded on returns, then's a look at the types of shares

Tip Shares A company can choose to pay tips in the form of issuing new shares, on apro-rata base.

Growth Shares These types of shares are associated with companies that have extraordinary growth rates. While similar companies might not give tips, the value of their stocks increases fleetly, thereby furnishing capital earnings to investors.

Value Shares These types of shares are traded in stock requests at prices lower than their natural value. Investors can anticipate the prices to appreciate over some time, therefore furnishing them with a better share price.

Preference Shares

Preferential shareholders admit preference in entering gains of a company as compared to ordinary shareholders. Also, in the event of liquidation of a particular company, the preferential shareholders are paid off before ordinary shareholders. Then are the different types of shares in this order

Accretive AndNon-Cumulative Preference Shares In the case of accretive preference shares, if a particular company does n’t declare an periodic tip, the benefit is carried forward to the coming fiscal time. Non-cumulative preference shares do not give for entering outstanding tips benefits.

Participating/Non-Participating Preference Share sharing preference shares allow shareholders to admit fat gains, after payment of tips by the company. This is over and above the damage of tips. Non-participating preference shares carry no similar benefits, piecemeal from the regular damage of tips.

Convertible/Non-Convertible Preference Shares Convertible preference shares can be converted into equity shares, after meeting the needful reservations by the company’s Composition of Association( AoA), whilenon-convertible preference shares carry no similar benefits.

Redeemable/ Irredeemable Preference Share A company can rescue or claim repairable preference share at a fixed price and time. These types of shares are sans any maturity date. Irredeemable preference shares, on the other hand, have no similar conditions.


Investing in shares can prove to be a great source of long- term wealth generation for any individual investor. Stocks give you with a variety of sectors and diligence to choose from, helping you diversify your portfolio and alleviate your pitfalls. Always flash back to constrict down on trusted and dependable fiscal mates to open your Demat account and trading account, like IIFL.